Alfred Hermann Fried, owner of a fantastic mustache, was the first Jew to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He actually shared it with another Jew, Tobias Asser.
Asser's win was for his role in the creation of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Fried's, for founding the German Peace Society.
And here we have a problem. Fried won in 1911. "German Peace Society" became an oxymoron three years later. A couple of decades after that? Let's not talk about it.
Of course, we can't really fault Fried. He saw the faults of Germany and thought they needed peace. No, it didn't exactly work out. At least he tried.
That being said, at least Fried's Peace Prize makes a little more sense than Henry Kissinger's...